Shoulder dystocia occurs when, after the delivery of the baby’s head, the baby’s anterior shoulder gets stuck behind the mother’s pubic bone. When this happens, the remainder of the baby’s body cannot easily be delivered vaginally. Shoulder dystocia can lead to permanent birth injuries, such as brachial plexus nerve injuries, fractured clavicles, and birth asphyxia.
How Does a Doc Know it’s Shoulder Dystocia?
Birth injury due to shoulder dystocia can be reduced by proper, non-negligent care by an obstetrician. One of the most important things the obstetrician must do is to recognize shoulder dystocia when it is happening. A sure sign that shoulder dystocia could be complicating the birthing process is when the baby’s body does not emerge with the typical pushing and standard movements normally used by the obstetrician to facilitate the birth. Another indicator is the “turtle sign”. This is when the baby’s head emerges and then retracts back like a turtle pulling back into its shell. This retraction occurs because the baby’s anterior shoulder is stuck. When shoulder dystocia has been determined, a backup obstetrician should be called and the delivery team should ready themselves for any possible complications.
There are also a few specific obstetrical maneuvers that have proven beneficial, and they should carefully be employed. It is important that the obstetrician recognize the shoulder dystocia issue, be knowledgeable in the different appropriate maneuvers to attempt to remove the shoulder dystocia, and then implement these maneuvers in a controlled, careful manner. Failing to follow these important recommendations, and failing to properly use and try the different approved maneuvers, can be seen as negligence on the part of the obstetrician. The obstetrician’s negligence that causes permanent injury to baby is negligence that should be compensated.
Birth Injury and Shoulder Dystocia Attorneys in NJ and PA
If your child was injured at birth and you now have questions regarding your legal rights, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. You may call (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia. Let our experienced team answer any questions you may have.
Shoulder dystocia is a complication that occurs during vaginal delivery. It happens when the baby’s head has been delivered, but the anterior shoulder is now stuck behind the mother’s pubic bone. This makes it difficult for the baby to naturally proceed out of the birthing canal without some help from the obstetrician.
Approximately 20% of babies that have shoulder dystocia at birth will suffer some sort of birth injury. This birth injury can be either temporary or permanent. The most common birth injuries that occur are damage to the brachial plexus nerves, as well as injuries including breaks of clavicles, humerus bones, and other contusions and lacerations. Birth asphyxia is also a birth injury that can occur and can cause permanent neurological disabilities.
Can Shoulder Dystocia Be Avoided?
The best way to prevent these complications is to prevent shoulder dystocia from occurring. This is where the obstetrician comes into play. Although, this can’t always be prevented, a knowledgeable obstetrician may be able to determine, due to the baby’s size, position and other factors, that shoulder dystocia is a possibility. If so, other delivery options may need to be discussed. Being prepared in the case of shoulder dystocia is extremely important. If a baby is injured due to the negligence of the physician, then the physician should be held liable for any injuries that occur.
Birth Injury Attorneys in New Jersey and Philadelphia
As birth injury attorneys in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, we will help families that have been affected by birth injuries. If your child was injured at birth, and you now have questions concerning your legal rights, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. You may call (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia for a free consultation.
Let the experienced medical malpractice and birth injury attorneys answer any questions you may have.
A $2.3 million dollar verdict for a birth injury case was awarded to a Virginia attorney and his client. In 2006, the negligence of a midwife hired by a woman’s obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) caused permanent nerve damage to her baby boy’s arm. The attorney for the boy showed that the negligence that occurred during delivery occurred during the birth due to shoulder dystocia.
Shoulder dystocia occurs when a baby’s shoulder gets stuck behind a mother’s pubic bone. In order to avoid injury, certain changes must be made during delivery. Birth injuries arising from the improper delivery of a baby with shoulder dystocia can be permanent. In the case of the Virginia boy, it was shown that the nerve damage caused him permanent disablement of his right arm. He may need assistance for simple tasks for the rest of life, and may not be able to do many of the typical activities of childhood due to the birth injury he received.
The verdict the attorney gained for the boy will help him receive the special assistance and training he needs due to the negligent birth injury he received at birth. The jury also awarded an additional $60,000 to reimburse medical expenses that the mother as acquired. Such birth injuries can be compared to injuries caused by auto accidents, they cause life changing challenges for the baby, just as he or she is entering into the world.
Birth Defects Attorneys in New Jersey and Philadelphia
If your child was injured at birth and you now have questions regarding your legal rights, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. You may also call (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia. Let the experienced medical malpractice and birth injury attorneys answer any questions you may have.
Family Practice News, an independent, online newspaper that provides timely and relevant news about clinical developments in the field of family medicine, recently reported on a study that showed that specific and firm protocol regarding shoulder dystocia and other birthing hazards could significantly reduce the instances of birth injury.
Standardized Protocol Reduces Birth Injury
The protocol system, called Code-D, reduced the occurences of infant brachial plexus injury (Erb’s Palsy) caused by shoulder dystocia (when a baby’s shoulder gets stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bone by 26%, according to study reports presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine annual meeting.
The study assessed nearly 12,000 vaginal deliveries that utilized the Code-D delivery standards, which include mobilization of experienced staff, a hands-off pause for assessment, and additional varied maneuvers.
Staff at the Jamiaca (NY) Hospital Medical Center were trained with the protocol, which involved practicing on manikins. Staff were trained to utilize the hands-off pause a “breather;” a short pause to take a deep breath, assess the situation, and quickly move on appropriately.
Dr. Inglis, of Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, says that Should Dystocia and brachial plexus injury are on the rise in recent years because of maternal obesity and diabetes. Hopefully, this system that has shown great success for Jamaica Hospital will be implemented in hospitals nationwide and continue to reduce injury in newborns.
Shoulder Dystocia Lawyers in New Jersey and Philadelphia
If your child received an injury to his or her brachial plexus during child birth, it’s possible they are victims of shoulder dystocia and a negligent obstetrician. Contact the Mininno Law Office if you have any questions regarding the condition of your child and/or your legal rights. You may also call at (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia.
Childbirth, though a painful and difficult process, should be a beautiful and profound experience for parents. That is why there are doctors who study and are strictly trained in gynecology, obstetrics, and childbirth. But mistakes in the delivery room can be irreversible, and in worst case scenarios, fatal. It is when these mistakes occur that birth injury attorneys will be necessary.
What are the Most Common Birth Injuries
Birth Injuries that commonly occur include Cerebral Palsy, Erb’s Palsy, face paralysis, bruises and swelling, Shoulder Dystocia, and brain damage. These injuries are generally brought on by oxygen deprivation and doctor error. Oxygen deprivation is commonly caused by umbilical cord compression, the improper insertion of an oxygen tube, Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (the baby inahles it’s own fecal matter or amniotic fluid), or excessive time spent in the birth canal.
The events that lead to oxygen deprivation are more often than not caused by doctor error. These errors could include misinterpreting test results, misreading mother or baby vital signs, incorrect use of forceps or vacuum extraction, poorly timed C-Sections, and improper use of force during delivery.
Birth Injury Attorneys in New Jersey and Philadelphia
Doctors are trained to act quickly in the delivery to avoid tragedies like permanent brain damage and death. Sometimes, however, they act negligently and tragedy occurs. If your child was born with a birth injury and you are now facing bills for medical care you were not prepared to provide, and you believe those injuries were brought on by medical negligence, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. You may also call for a free consultation at (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia.
Let the birth injury lawyers at the Mininno Law Office work to earn you the compensation you deserve.
Shoulder Dystocia, an avoidable birth injury, has led to permanent injuries for little Mateo Rodriguez, and his parents have just been awarded $3.27 million in compensation for the obstetrician’s negligence.
Shoulder Dystocia Risk Factors Go Ignored
Galecio and Maria Rodriguez sued Dr. Jennifer Friedman and the Northwestern Memorial Physician’s Group after a serious birth injury permanently injured their son Mateo.
The suit claimed that when Dr. Friedman assessed that the baby’s birth weight was likely to be between 9 and 10 lbs, she should have warned of the dangers of vaginal birth and should have at least suggested a C-section. Instead, however, Dr. Friedman carelessly proceeded to deliver the baby vaginally. During childbirth, Mateo’s shoulder got stuck behind his mother’s pelvic bone, also called a Shoulder Dystocia. The doctor pulled too hard on the infant’s head and neck which caused nerve damage in the shoulder and right arm.
Today, Mateo has limited to no use of his right arm, and is learning to depend on his left arm for most tasks. The arm is also shorter and smaller than the left. All of this could have been avoided had the doctor taken the time to correctly analyze the situation. Mateo’s birthweight was 11 pounds, 5 ounces.
Birth Injury Lawyers in New Jersey and Philadelphia
Birth injuries are a devestating turn of events in the operating room. Sometimes they are purely accidental, and there is just no way to prevent them from occuring. Other times, however, they are caused by the negligence of one or more people responsible for care.
If you or a loved one have given birth to a child that suffered a birth injury, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. The birth injury lawyers at the Mininno Law Office are skilled and very experienced in earning compensation for children and their families who have been wrong by a negligent medical provider. You may also call for a free consultation at (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia.
Let the team at the Mininno Law Office work hard to earn you the compensation you deserve.
Just last month, a New Jersey jury delivered a $450,000 verdict in a medical malpractice case to the parents of a little girl who suffered a birth injury that resulted in Erb’s Palsy.
Medical Malpractice Attorneys Warn Against Shoulder Dystocia
A previous Mininno Law Office blog post (Birth Injuries Caused By Shoulder Dystocia) described the effects of Shoulder Dystocia during birth. Shoulder Dystocia is a very avoidable birth injury that can lead to Klumpke Paralysis, Erb’s Palsy, or fetal hypoxia. The New Jersey case involved Shoulder Dystocia during child birth that lead to the tearing of the brachial plexis (a series of nerves coming out of the cervical spine and running down the arm) in a baby girl that now lives with Erb’s Palsy.
Medical Malpractice Attorneys Advocate for Victims of Birth Injury
Shoulder Dystocia occurs when the shoulder gets stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bone after the head exits the birth canal. Child births with high risk of shoulder dystocia include those of larger babies. In the New Jersey case, the baby weighed 9 lbs, and her mother weighed 300. It is also known that overweight mothers are more likely to give birth to heavier babies. Had an estimated fetal weight been made prior to the woman going into labor, a C-Section could have been discussed as an option. Instead, however, a vaginal birth was attempted, and after shoulder dystocia and excessive force by the OB/GYN, the little girl now suffers from from Erb’s Palsy.
Erb’s Palsy is a paralysis of the affected arm from shoulder to fingertips. Often, the condition requires close monitoring as it can also cause a delay in or stop to circulatory and muscle development in the arm. Skin healing also takes much longer, and the arm becomes much more susceptible to infection.
Nerve and tendon transfers are procedures often used to reverse the effects of Erb’s Palsy, as well as other procedures involving cutting and re-placing muscle. Normally, if full functionality has not been achieved by the age of one, chances are it never will be. Physical therapy can be utilized to help children and adults make the most of their handicap.
Medical Malpractice Attorneys in New Jersey and Philadelphia
A New Jersey or Philadelphia medical malpractice or birth injury lawyer will be necessary if your child suffered a birth injury to the negligence or bad judgement of a doctor. Only a medical malpractice or birth injury lawyer will be able to fight for you and your right to full and fair compensation.
If your child is a victim of a life changing birth injury, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. You may also call for a free consultation at (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia.
Let the Mininno Law Office team earn you the compensation you need and deserve.
Birth defects or injuries are devastating to parents and families, especially when these injuries are caused by operating room negligence or poor judgement on a doctor’s part. Birth injury lawyers are sometimes needed to gain the compensation necessary to pay for the treatment a child will have to receive for life after a birth injury.
Birth Injury Lawyers Warn About Shoulder Dystocia
Shoulder Dystocia causes very a traumatic birthing process for both mother and child. Shoulder Dystocia occurs when the anterior shoulder gets stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bone after the baby’s head enters the birth canal. There are risks for serious birth injuries to the baby when Shoulder Dystocia occurs, but there are prevalent warning signs to help the doctor predict when it could happen. There are also strategies to employ once healthcare professionals realize shoulder dystocia is occurring during the birth process.
There are many birth injuries that arise from shoulder dystocia. The major complications happen when the upper brachial plexus nerves of the baby are damaged from excess stress during labor. This excess stress may tear the nerve roots out from the neonatal spinal column, resulting in Klumpke Paralysis or Erb’s Palsy. Klumpke Paralysis (or Klumpke Palsy) is paralysis to the muscles of the forearm and hand and Erb’s palsy is a paralysis of the arm. The baby could also suffer death or brain damage from fetal hypoxia, which is the deprivation of sufficient oxygen supply resulting from compression of the umbilical cord within the birth canal. The injury risks are not limited to the baby alone since the mother may experience maternal post partum hemorrhage, which is internal bleeding from the added stress during delivery.
Birth Injury Lawyers Stress Prevention
Doctors must recognize the warning signs for shoulder dystocia to prevent a difficult labor and the serious birth injuries that it can cause. The warning signs include a large baby, delivery after the baby’s due date, mother’s who have had shoulder dystocia or a very large baby in a past delivery, and mother’s with gestational diabetes. The doctor must be quick to notice signs of shoulder dystocia during labor so excessive force is not used which could lead to birth injury. There are number of methods available to doctor delivering a baby with shoulder dystocia, and those methods should be utilized to prevent potentially fatal birth injuries.
Birth Injury Lawyers in New Jersey and Philadelphia
If you are the parent of a child who suffers from the effects of a birth injury, and you believe that injury may have been caused by delivery room negligence, contact the Mininno Law Office for a free case evaluation. Our birth injury lawyers are skilled in warning the full and fair compensation needed to pay for the expensive medical needs of a child living with the effects of a birth injury. You may also call for a free consultation at (856) 833-0600 in New Jersey, or (215) 567-2380 in Philadelphia.
Let the team at the Mininno Law Office earn you the compensation you need and deserve.